MOTION SICKNESS

Category: Tips Ubat

Motion sickness is an unpleasant condition or feeling sick when subjected to motion such as travel by car, boat, plane or train. It is characterized by symptoms of dizzinessnausea and fatigue.

 

The most common symptoms experienced in motion sickness are:

Symptoms gradually improve within 15 minutes of the motion stopping, when stomach motility has returned to normal.

Do’s and Don’t’s when you are travelling to avoid motion sickness:

DO’S

  • minimise motion – sit in the front of a car or in the middle of a boat
  • look straight ahead at a fixed point, such as the horizon
  • breathe fresh air if possible – for example, by opening a car window
  • close your eyes and breathe slowly while focusing on your breathing
  • distract children by talking, listening to music or singing songs
  • break up long journeys to get some fresh air, drink water or take a walk
  • try ginger, which you can take as a tablet, biscuit or tea

DONT’S

  • do not read, watch films or use electronic devices
  • do not look at moving objects, such as passing cars or rolling waves
  • do not eat heavy meals, spicy foods or drink alcohol shortly before or during travel
  • do not go on fairground rides if they make you feel unwell

TIPS TO AVOID MOTION SICKNESS

  1. Behavioural Therapy:

-reducing head movement

-gazing at the horizon

-lying down and controlled, regular breathing

-If there are no windows or it is dark, then closing the eyes or trying to sleep may help. Closing the eyes -prevents the conflict that occurs between what is visually perceived and what is sensed by the inner ear

  1. Natural Remedies

Some people feel like they get relief with these:

-Raw ginger. There’s some scientific proof that this root, long used as a folk remedy to fight nausea, is effective. But it may act as a blood thinner. Talk to your doctor first before you use it.

-Mint. Eating peppermint is thought to calm the body. At the very least, the aroma may soothe you.

  1. Pharmacological Therapy:

If you’re still bothered by motion sickness, you can talk to your doctor about these:

To prevent motion sickness symptoms, oral medications should be taken at least 30-60 minutes before travel to allow adequate absorption time.

Antihistamines are the most commonly used medication for preventing and treating motion sickness, and work by reducing the stimulation to the inner ear. Antihistamines include:

  • Promethazine hydrochloride (e.g. Phenergan)
  • Cinnarizine (e.g. Stugeron)
  • Prochlorperazine
  • Meclozine + Pyridoxine (e.g Veloxin)

 

 

Sources

https://emedicine.medscape.com/article/2060606-treatment

https://www.mims.com/malaysia

https://emedicine.medscape.com/article/2060606-medication